Home
Introduction
Natural Gas
Science
 •Science Fair
 •Chemistry
Environment
Safety
Safety Games (Flash)
Interactive Activities
Printable Activities
SaskEnergy & TransGas
Links

Chemistry

Natural gas is primarily made up of methane. Heat is created when the chemical energy in methane molecules is changed into heat energy by combustion. When methane is combined with oxygen; carbon dioxide, water and heat, energy is produced.

CH4 +2O2 --> CO2 + 2H2O + Energy

Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons are any compound that only includes hydrogen and carbon. These include alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Alkanes have a single bond connecting the carbons; alkenes have a double bond connecting the carbons; while alkynes have a triple bond connecting the carbons.

The alkane names are as follows:

CH4-Methane
C2H6-Ethane
C3H8-Propane
C4H10-Butane
C5H12-Pentane
C6H14-Hexane
C7H16-Heptane
C8H18-Octane

Alcohols

Alcohols have same initial structure as alkanes but a hydrogen is replaced with an oxygen-hydrogen bond.

The alcohol names are as follows:

CH3OH-Methanol
C2H5OH-Ethanol
C3H7OH-Propanol
C4H9OH-Butanol